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J Korean Soc Environ Eng > Volume 36(12); 2014 > Article
J Korean Soc Environ Eng 2014;36(12): 803-812. doi: https://doi.org/10.4491/KSEE.2014.36.12.803
우리나라 생태산업단지 구축사업의 추진전략과 성과평가
박준모1, 김형우2, 박흥석1,2
1울산대학교 건설환경공학과
2한국산업단지공단 울산EIP사업단
Assessment of Strategy and Achievements of Eco Industrial Park (EIP) Initiative in Korea
Jun-Mo Park1, Hyeong-Woo Kim2, Hung-Suck Park1,2
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Ulsan
2Dongnam Regional EIP Project Division, Korea Industrial Complex Corp.
Corresponding author  Hung-Suck Park ,Tel: 052-259-1050, Fax: 052-221-0152, Email: parkhs@ulsan.ac.kr
Received: November 6, 2014;  Revised: November 18, 2014;  Accepted: November 26, 2014.  Published online: December 31, 2014.
This study assesses the strategy and performance of Eco-industrial Park (EIP) initiative implemented by Korea Industrial Complex Corporation (KICOX) with the support of Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), Korea since 2005 to 2013 and recommends future directions. After the concept of EIP based on industrial symbiosis (IS) is introduced, the background and implementation procedure of the EIP initiative are described. Then, economic and environmental achievement was assessed. During the project periods (2005-2013), 449 industrial symbiosis project were explored, among which 296 projects have been implemented. Among (Of these 296 projects,) them, 244 projects have been completed in which 118 projects have been commercialized which shows 48% commercialization rate of the completed projects. Through these commercialized projects, around 311.1 billion won/year of economic benefits and reduction of waste·by-products of 828,113 tons/year, wastewater of 215,517 tons/year, reduction in energy consumption of 250,475 toe/year and GHG emission reduction of 1,107,189 tCO2/year were achieved. This results confirmed that EIP initiative based on industrial symbiosis can enhance eco-efficiency of industrial parks and harmonize economy and environment. However, there are obstacles like absence of interagency coordination and cooperation, laws and institutional barriers, increased demand for local governments, funding for project investment. Thus, to utilize EIP initiative as a strategic tool for competiveness and environmental management of industrial parks, it needs intergovernmental collaboration and interdisciplinary approach to lower barrier in implementation.
Key Words: Development Project of Eco Industrial Park, Strategy, Economic Achievement, Environmental Achievement, Evaluation
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