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J Korean Soc Environ Eng > Volume 37(4); 2015 > Article
J Korean Soc Environ Eng 2015;37(4): 204-209. doi: https://doi.org/10.4491/KSEE.2015.37.4.204
희생전극을 이용한 무전해 니켈 도금 폐수의 전기분해처리 최적화
김영신, 전병한, 조순행
아주대학교 환경공학과
Optimization of Electrolysis Using Sacrificial Electrode for the Treatment of Electroless Nickel Plating Wastewater
Young-Shin Kim, Byeong-Han Jeon, Soon-Haing Cho
Department of Environmental Engineering, Ajou University
Corresponding author  Young-Shin Kim ,Tel: 031-498-3390 , Fax: 031-498-3394, Email: pyred2005@naver.com
Received: February 11, 2015;  Revised: March 16, 2015;  Accepted: April 17, 2015.  Published online: April 30, 2015.
ABSTRACT
The effluent limit of nickel from electroplating wastewater has been strengthened from 5 mg/L to 3 mg/L from 2014. However, currently applied treatment process for nickel plating wastewater is unable to meet the effluent limit, most of the treatment concept conducted by treatment plant is dilution with other metal bearing wastewater. This can cause very significant impact to the environment of nickel contamination. With this connection, the feasibility test has been conducted with the use of electrolysis by using sacrificial electrodes. Experiments were conducted in synthetic and electroless nickel plating wastewater. Optimal condition of current density, pH were derived from the synthetic wastewater. It was found that the removal efficiency of nickel exceeded 94% at the operation condition of at pH 9 and the current density of 1~2 mA/cm2. At this conditions, the iron sludge was generated very low amount. However, it was unsuccessful to meet the effluent limit by applying these treatment conditions to the real electroplating wastewater. This can be explained due to the matrix effect of other metals and anions contained real electroplating wastewater. From the result of further study, the optimal conditions for the real wastewater treatment were found out to be at pH 9, current density 6~7 mA/cm2, for 5 minutes of operating time. At these conditions, 88% removal of nickel was achieved, which results the residual nickel concentration was below 3 mg/L.
Key Words: Sacrificial Electrode, Electrolysis, Nickel, Coprecipitation, Electroless Plating Wastewater
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