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J Korean Soc Environ Eng > Volume 38(12); 2016 > Article
J Korean Soc Environ Eng 2016;38(12): 656-661. doi: https://doi.org/10.4491/KSEE.2016.38.12.656
분리막 투과도와 분리도 인자의 시스템 설계 효과 연구
신미수, 장동순, 이용국
충남대학교 환경공학과
A Study of the Effect of the Permeability and Selectivity on the Performance of Membrane System Design
Mi-Soo Shin, Dongsoon Jang, Yongguk Lee
Department of Environmental Engineering, Chungnam National University
Corresponding author  Dongsoon Jang ,Tel: 042-821-6677, Fax: 042-822-5610, Email: p_dsjang@cnu.ac.kr
Received: August 16, 2016;  Revised: December 13, 2016;  Accepted: December 1, 2016.  Published online: December 31, 2016.
Manufacturing membrane materials with high selectivity and permeability is quite desirable but practically not possible, since the permeability and selectivity are usually inversely proportional. From the viewpoint of reducing the cost of CO2 capture, module performance is even more important than the performance of membrane materials itself, which is affected by the permeance of the membrane (P, stagecut) and selectivity (S). As a typical example, when the mixture with a composition of 13% CO2 and 87% of N2 is fed into the module with 10% stage cut and selectivity 5, in the 10 parts of the permeate, CO2 represents 4.28 parts and N2 represents 5.72 parts. In this case, the CO2 concentration in the permeate is 42.8% and the recovery rate of CO2 in this first separation appears as 4.28/13 = 32.9%. When permeance and selectivity are doubled, however, from 10% to 20% and from 5 to 10, respectively, the CO2 concentration in the permeant becomes 64.5% and the recovery rate is 12.9/13 = 99.2%. Since in this case, most of the CO2 is separated, this may be the ideal condition. For a given feed concentration, the CO2 concentration in the separated gas decreases if permeance is larger than the threshold value for complete recovery at a given selectivity. Conversely, for a given permeance, increasing the selectivity over the threshold value does not improve the process further. For a given initial feed gas concentration, if permeance or selectivity is larger than that required for the complete separation of CO2, the process becomes less efficient. From all these considerations, we can see that there exists an optimum design for a given set of conditions.
Key Words: Selectivity, Permeability, Hollow Fiber Membrane
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